The project

Several chroniclers of the 11th century, including William of Poitiers, the monk William of Jumièges and Guy, Bishop of Amiens, chaplain to Queen Matilda, gave a fairly detailed impression of how events unfolded. As mentioned above, religion was very important in the Middle Ages, so the winner of the Battle of Hastings was indeed said to be appointed by God. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a compilation of several chronicles written in English abbeys, echoed this sentiment, explaining the defeat as divine punishment. Other sources provide more of an insight into the vessel. The most widely known of these is the Bayeux Tapestry, created prior to 1070, which recounts the entire epic of the Norman Conquest through 58 scenes embroidered on linen cloth. The tapestry is also the only visual representation of Mora.
The ducal ship appears in scene 38 and is recognisable by her substantial proportions, an aft figurehead in the form of a person pointing towards England and its lantern blessed by the pope. With regard to the name, Mora, this appears in a unique document known as the ‘Ship List’ kept in Oxford. Detailing virtually all the boats involved in the epic, it provides corroborating evidence of features such as Mora’s figurehead, which contrary to that depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry, the ‘Ship List’ presents as being on the prow. Finally, empirical evidence from the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark, where information about several 11th century wrecks was brought up to date and studied, has also proven to be fundamental.